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Projekte

Contexts of Violent Extremism in MENA and Balkan Societies (CONNEKT)

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: H2020 – SC6 – GOVERNANCE – 2019
Laufzeit: 2020 - 2023
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber, MSc Lura Pollozhani
Projektinformationen: https://h2020connekt.eu

Active citizenship: promoting and advancing innovative democratic practices in the Western Balkans (ACT.WB)

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: Erasmus+, Jean Monnet Network
Laufzeit: 2018 - 2022
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber, Dr.phil. M.A. Armina Galijas, M.E.S. Dr.iur. Marko Kmezić
Projektinformationen: https://act-wb.net

The Testimonies of State Reprisals: Experiences of Imprisonment, Work Dismissals, and Social Exclusion. Narratives of Kosovan Educators, Students, and Artists between 1989 and 1999 (Heras+)

Fördergeber: HERAS+ Higher Education , Research and Applied Science Plus (Kosovo), (Austrian Development Agency)
Laufzeit: 2021 – 2022
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber

Projektinformationen:

The project is coordinated by the CSEES and together with the University of Prishtina (Vjollca Krasniqi) and Dr. Ana Devic (Serbia) it aims at exploring the previously under-researched history and social and political impact of professional exclusion among the Kosovo Albanian university lecturers, students, and artists, starting from the early 1980s.

Women’s and gender history in Southeast Europe in the 20th Century

Fördergeber: Elisabeth List Fellowship Programme
Laufzeit: 2022 – 2023
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Dr.phil. MA Rory Archer

Projektinformationen:

The Elisabeth List Fellowship Programme has been awarded to Dr. Chiara Bonfiglioli (University College Cork) and Dr. Rory Archer (University of Graz). Their project, “Women’s and gender history in Southeast Europe in the 20th Century: Oral history, ethnographic and biographical approaches as a way to advance intersectionality”, will employ two junior fellows and Dr. Bonfiglioli will be hosted in Graz as a visiting scholar. In order to establish a network of young scholars working in the field, a doctoral workshop will be organized, which will interrogate best practices in applying oral history, qualitative and biographical approaches to women’s and gender history in Southeastern Europe.

Gender and women’s history in SEE has been witnessing a considerable interest in the past two decades, particularly when it comes to the history of women’s participation to interwar religious associations, antifascist resistance movements, state socialist women’s organizations, the second feminist wave, and peace movements during the Yugoslav wars. Recent studies have also interrogated the interrelations between gender and women’s history, social history, and labour history. Despite such scholarly advancements in the field, however, gender is often still treated in isolation rather than in its intersection with other factors of social differentiation, even though intersectionality as a theory and as a method is well established in both the social sciences and in the humanities. When it comes to the application of intersectional, post-socialist and post-colonial approaches, women’s and gender history does not seem to follow suit, even if several philosophical and political debates are happening within the field of women’s and gender studies in the region, both on intersectionality and on the necessity to combine post-socialist and post-colonial studies

The project will highlight how oral history, ethnographic and biographical approaches can help us challenge a simplified understanding of gendered transformations during the socialist period and in its aftermath, and to integrate ongoing debates about intersectional, postsocialist and post-colonial approaches and interpretations within women’s and gender history in Southeastern Europe.

Research Advisory Group on the Western Balkans: Balkans in Europe Policy Advisory Group (BiEPAG)

Fördergeber: European Funds for the Balkans
Zeitraum: – 2022
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber, M.E.S. Dr.iur. Marko Kmezić
Projektinformationen: https://biepag.eu/

To the Northwest! Intra-Yugoslav Albanian migration (1953-1989)

Fördergeber: FWF
Zeitraum: 2020 – 2023
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Univ.-Prof. Dr. phil. MA Rory Archer, MA Mladen Zobec
Projektinformationen: https://tothenorthwest.archerrory.net

Jean Monnet Chair in the Europeanisation of Southeastern Europe (SEEinEU)

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: Erasmus+, Jean Monnet Chair
Zeitraum: 2019 – 2022
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber
Projektinformationen: https://suedosteuropa.uni-graz.at/de/jean-monnet-chair-in-the-europeanisation-of-southeastern-europe/

CareWork – Female Paid Domestic Care Work: A Node of Social Reproduction

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: H2020 – Marie S. Curie Individual Fellowship
Zeitraum: 2021 – 2023
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Dr. Nejra-Nuna Čengić, Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber (Supervisor)

Projektinformationen:

CareWork is an anthropological study of domestic paid female care work for children and elderly persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Motivated by the global under-recognition of this essential activity as real labor and by recent global changes in its organization, the research goes beyond the almost exclusive anthropological theorization of care within kinship studies. Building on (socialist) feminist scholarly traditions on domestic work, which places care at the centre of political economy, CareWork investigates informal paid female domestic care work as a socially productive and reproductive relational activity in a dialectic relationship with broader social transformation in BiH and beyond. To enhance and fill gaps in current scholarship it uses an innovative methodology: it traces care work through ‘care clusters’ (various households differentially affected by it) and focuses on two connected sites—Sarajevo (primary site) and Austria (auxiliary site, a nearby top destination for BiH labour migration by carers)—to reconstruct the dynamics and dialectics of such work. This ethnographic study revolves around the following questions: a) How is this care work organized?; b) How does it shape up in relation to broader social processes (e.g. reconfigurations of labour and social security, of ethnonational relations, of migratory patterns) in light of processes of Europeanization?; c) What kind of effects/changes does this care work produce for the various stakeholders? In BiH global changes are particularly visible as it is marked by multiple formal—postwar, postsocialist, Europeanizing—transformations over the last 25 years. Tracing how social transformations converge in care work, CareWork affirms care as a central category of anthropological theory and demonstrates how social scientists can productively employ it as a prism for studying social transformations, as a deeply gendered node of social reproduction with retrograde and emancipatory potential.

SPATIALITIES OF EUROPEANIZATION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS (EURoWEB)

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: H2020 – Marie S. Curie Individual Fellowship
Zeitraum: 2021 – 2023
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: PhD Ana Pajvančić-Cizelj, Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber (Supervisor)

Projektinformationen:

The researcher will carry out a EURoWEB to examine how the Europeanization of the Western Balkans (WB) manifests at insufficiently researched socio-spatial levels. By introducing an innovative TPSN (Territory, Place, Scale, Network) framework to the Europeanization studies, testing it in a WB region with the “gender lens” and developing a new methodological tool, the project will explore the way the territory, place, scale, and network interact to enable or to inhibit the Europeanization of WB. Starting from the critical and the horizontal conception of Europeanization, the Europeanization of WB will be analysed by focusing on the exchange, transfer, and mutations of EU urban policies, through inter-urban networks (IUN). The researcher will collect qualitative and quantitative data about the participation of urban actors from Zagreb (Croatia), Belgrade (Serbia), Pristina (Kosovo) in the selected European IUN and conduct a social network analysis (SNA) and qualitative network analysis (QNA) to grasp not only the networks impact but also their interplay with other sociospatial dimensions in which they are embedded. This will allow her to sketch the contours and explain the underlying, invisible and undertheorized, but potent spatialities that underpin the dynamic process of Europeanization of WB. The fellowship will provide a unique opportunity for filling the significant gaps between socio-spatial theorising and Europeanization studies. Capitalizing from the fruitful exchange between researcher expertise in urban sociology and host institution and supervisor’s expertise in Southeastern European studies / Europeanization, the overall aim of the fellowship is to develop a new socio-spatial conception of Europeanization and a new method that can be used in the further Europeanization research, in and out the EU, as well as in the further empirical testing of the TPSN.

Revisiting Europeanization in Southeast Europe. An Historical and Sociological Approach of Norm-Diffusion (RESEE)

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: H2020 – Marie S. Curie Individual Fellowship
Zeitraum: 2020 – 2022
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Ph.D Dorian Jano, Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber (Supervisor)

Projektinformationen:

The future of Europe will vitally depend on its ability to transform and unify the continent. Southeast Europe, with its complex historical trajectories and its own particularistic Europeanness, has been labelled difficult to Europeanize. Yet, Europeanization in Southeast Europe has a far longer history reaching back into the 19th century and earlier. The main goal of the RESEE project is to establish Europeanization research on Southeast Europe as a complex historically grounded process, firstly through developing a meaningful narrative integration of the prevailing knowledge in the historical dimension of Europeanization of Southeast Europe; secondly through discussing the usefulness of Europeanization and its related process bringing historical cases of how Europe has influenced Southeast Europe and vice versa; and thirdly through tracing the process back we build an explanatory model that maps the events and actors, the causal mechanisms and factors that interact when a specific historical Europeanization process unfolds in Southeast Europe. RESEE is an innovative project studying a long and much disputed ‘European otherness periphery’ contributing to the rethinking of the region in such a reflexive way that it have meaning and utility in the current EU political project of European Integration. RESEE main academic outputs include a Living Review on the literature, a course proposal and a workshop on the historical dimension of Europeanization on Southeast Europe, a policy paper on bestpractices of successful historical cases of Europeanization in Southeast Europe and a number of other dissemination and communication activities. These outputs will attract the attention of academia, policy-makers and also European society since they are a valuable source of scholarly knowledge; they expose high policy relevance to practitioners and they have societal importance in particular to improving citizens perceptions on Southeast Europe and European Integration.

Normalizing a Difficult Past? Cultural trauma and collective memory in Austria and Croatia (CULTRAMACY)

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: H2020 – Marie S. Curie Individual Fellowship
Zeitraum: 2019 – 2022
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: PhD Ana Ljubojevic, Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber (Supervisor)

Projektinformationen:

Following the theoretical framework of cultural trauma, this project's aim is to analyze the impact of trauma on collective memory of wars in Austria and Croatia, as well as the social processes through which such memory is produced, performed and maintained. More specifically, a dynamics of two corresponding forces are explained: cultural trauma representing a response to a tear in social fabric and collective memory acting as a cohesive element for group identity. The CULTRAMACY project draws on methods of both quantitative and qualitative analysis and uses the methodological tool of frame analysis. In order to analyze the impact of trauma on collective memories, this comparative study addresses the following specific objectives: 1) repercussions of trauma on collective and individual, as well as cultural and public memories, 2) traveling of memory through time and space - generational and transcultural transmission of memory, 3) analysis of patterns of European memory. This research is situated on the intercept of the scientific fields of memory studies, social theory and political science. It aims to contribute to academic research on three different levels. First, it contributes to the theoretical debates in memory studies by approaching collective memory from the perspective of cultural trauma. Second, it offers a truly comparative perspective outside of the methodological regionalism, while still acknowledging the nation as one important framework or "scale" of collective remembrance. Finally, this research tracks the travels of memory across borders and generations in order to give some innovative insights for similar phenomena in ever-more globalised world experiencing migration flows. Hence, the CULTRAMACY project aims to map a critical engagement with negative heritage, cross boundaries of national memories and verify the basis of the transcultural sphere of European memory.

State disintegration in the context of macroeconomic crisis - the case of Yugoslavia (DISMAC-Y)

Fördergeber: EU
Programm: H2020 – Marie S. Curie Individual Fellowship
Zeitraum: 2019 – 2022
Beteiligte ForscherInnen CSEES: Dr. Ana Podvrsic, Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil. David Florian Bieber (Supervisor)

Projektinformationen:

The Eurozone financial and economic crisis, Brexit, the rise of Euroscepticism, nationalist voices and populism, as well as the fall in public support for the European Union (EU) have brought concerns over European (dis)integration and Eurozone prospects to the top of the political agenda and academic discussions. DISMAC-Y places itself at the heart of these preoccupations and proposes to draw lessons from the process of political disintegration of Yugoslavia. This historicization of the European experience using a case study of a country that is known for its federalist-like state structures, complex multi-scalar governance, and uneven regional development, is a highly innovative research enterprise that fills the political economist and comparativist "blind spots" in the existing sholarship on Yugoslavia's breakup. The restructuring of Yugoslav monetary regime is taken as the entry point of the research that draws on newly available material resources and builds on original framework to explore disintegrative interactions between different actors and fields of Yugoslav economy in a historical political economy perspective. By providing a systemic study on the political and economic role of monetary regime in the period of macroeconomic crisis, DISMAC-Y makes the Yugoslav experience analytically comparable to other similar experiences of political (dis)integration, especially the European one. Hence, it considerably shifts the existing frontiers of the scholarship on Yugoslavia and deepens our understanding of the European integration and monetary experiences.

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