End of this page section.

Begin of page section: Contents:

Presence 23.10.2018 13:00 - 14:00

Organizer

Zentrum für Südosteuropastudien

Venue:

Location: RESOWI centre, SR.15.33

Participation

Add to calendar: Add to calendar

Brown Bag: From the “Plague Front” to sanitary buffer states: Habsburg's policies of disease prevention vis-a-vis the Ottoman Empire from the Congress of Vienna to the turn of the 20th century

Christian Promitzer - From the “Plague Front” to sanitary buffer states: Habsburg's policies of disease prevention vis-a-vis the Ottoman Empire from the Congress of Vienna to the turn of the 20th century

Christian Promitzer - From the “Plague Front” to sanitary buffer states: Habsburg's policies of disease prevention vis-a-vis the Ottoman Empire from the Congress of Vienna to the turn of the 20th century

 

The period from the 1820s up to the turn of the 20th century saw a profound change in the preventive means against epidemic diseases; in Central and Southeastern Europe this shift would lead to the reduction and eventual abolition of terrestrial quarantines which the Habsburg Empire during the 18th century had established against the threat of plague from the Ottoman Empire. At the time the “plague front” of quarantine stations and sanitary cordons at the Austrian Military Border would span from the Adriatic far into the continental bulk of Eastern Europe in order to repel the plague – in its actual and metaphorical manifestations.

In 1831, however, the trust in quarantines and sanitary cordons got abruptly lost: during a devastating cholera pandemic epidemic, arriving both from Russia and the Balkans, they simply failed to prevent the death of several thousands of people. Apart from this tragic event, the traditional Austrian system of epidemic defense was to be likewise put under question by the then rapid development of industrial capitalism and global trade as well as by the simultaneous introduction of steam navigation which enabled radically shortened shipment times of imported goods from the Orient: quarantines were considered an obstacle and therefore had to be removed. And indeed, the 1856-Peace Treaty of Paris, which ended the Crimean War, would liberate the Danube river down to its mouth into the Black Sea from permanent quarantines.

When the Treaty of Berlin of 1878, which established independent and autonomous Ottoman successor states in the Balkans, was put to force, the “permanent” sanitary cordon at the Austrian Military Border was not existing any more. The successor states would be anyhow quick to establish their own sanitary cordons against the receding Ottoman Empire and against any diseases – actual and metaphorical ones – which would come from this polity.

 

Contact

University of Exter, College of Humanities
Current
January 2023
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
26 Monday, 26. December 2022 27 Tuesday, 27. December 2022 28 Wednesday, 28. December 2022 29 Thursday, 29. December 2022 30 Friday, 30. December 2022 31 Saturday, 31. December 2022 1 Sunday, 1. January 2023
2 Monday, 2. January 2023 3 Tuesday, 3. January 2023 4 Wednesday, 4. January 2023 5 Thursday, 5. January 2023 6 Friday, 6. January 2023 7 Saturday, 7. January 2023 8 Sunday, 8. January 2023
9 Monday, 9. January 2023 10 Tuesday, 10. January 2023 11 Wednesday, 11. January 2023 12 Thursday, 12. January 2023 13 Friday, 13. January 2023 14 Saturday, 14. January 2023 15 Sunday, 15. January 2023
16 Monday, 16. January 2023 17 Tuesday, 17. January 2023 18 Wednesday, 18. January 2023 19 Thursday, 19. January 2023 20 Friday, 20. January 2023 21 Saturday, 21. January 2023 22 Sunday, 22. January 2023
23 Monday, 23. January 2023 24 Tuesday, 24. January 2023 25 Wednesday, 25. January 2023 26 Thursday, 26. January 2023 27 Friday, 27. January 2023 28 Saturday, 28. January 2023 29 Sunday, 29. January 2023
30 Monday, 30. January 2023 31 Tuesday, 31. January 2023 1 Wednesday, 1. February 2023 2 Thursday, 2. February 2023 3 Friday, 3. February 2023 4 Saturday, 4. February 2023 5 Sunday, 5. February 2023

End of this page section.

Begin of page section: Additional information:

End of this page section.