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A new CONNEKT report highlights the interconnectedness of drivers of radicalisation

Freitag, 21.01.2022

The publication sheds light on macro level factors influencing violent extremism and radicalisation among youth in 7 MENA and Balkan countries

A new report of the Horizon 2020 research project CONNEKT includes two comparative studies (one on the Balkans and another on the MENA region) based on the research findings of the project on the macro level factors influencing violent extremism and radicalisation among youth in seven countries, and the institutional approaches addressing them.

The findings are divided into the seven drivers the project is looking at (religion, territorial inequalities, economic deprivation, political grievances, cultural factors and leisure opportunities, digital literacy, and transnational dynamics).

There are some featured conclusions emerging from this regional report:

  • Security focus. Both regions share the reliance on security structures to tackle violent extremism and are insufficiently focused on softer measures and on expanding cooperation with civil society and academic institutions.
  • Interconnectedness of the drivers. Namely some drivers become influential at the presence of another driver, for instance religion and territorial inequality, or economic deprivation and territorial inequality.
  • Shared events and developments. Both regions have been affected by the wars in Syria and Iraq and have had the influence of international bodies on both the approaches the countries take and the understanding that they have of the issues of these phenomena.

This new publication is based on the previous national reports developed by the project in Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia, and Bulgaria that were informed on data provided by a review of policies in each country, as well as interviews conducted with state actors, civil society representatives, academia and representatives of international organizations.

The editors of this new publication with the two regional reports are Florian Bieber and Lura Pollozhani (The Centre of Southeast European Studies of the University of Graz). The authors of the report on the MENA region are Khalid Mouna and Amina Er-Rifaiy (Université Moulay Ismaïl, Meknès) and the authors of the report on the Balkans region are Vlado Kambovski, Lidija Gerogieva, and Naum Trajanovski, from the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts.


The CONNEKT project

CONNEKT is a research and action project that analyses 7 potential radicalisation drivers among youth aged between 12 and 30 in seven MENA and Balkan countries And it evaluates them on three levels: transnational/state (macro), community (meso) and individual (micro).

Its aim is to establish a multi-dimensional map of drivers of extremism among youth in seven countries (Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Bulgaria) and to identify the interplay between them. Based in its findings, the project will recommend tools and measures for the prevention of violent extremism from a social and community perspective.

Led by the European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed), based in Barcelona, the project gathers a multidisciplinary consortium involving 14 partners from MENA, the EU and the Balkans.

The CONNEKT project started in 2020 and is funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, under Grant Agreement no. 870772.


Macro approaches to the study of radicalisation and violent extremism in MENA and the Balkans - Download the report

More information | Interviews
Jordi Bertran
CONNEKT Communications Officer
European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed) | Barcelona
jbertran(at)iemed.org | T. +34 93 244 98 54


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